Sun Safety Made Simple

KNOW YOUR NUMBERS For most people, a sunscreen with a SPF (measure of a product’s ability to block out UV-B light) of 15 or 30 is adequate.

CHOOSE BROAD SPECTRUM Look for a sunscreen’s that says “broad spectrum” on the label. These protect against UV-A light as well as UV-B. UV-A rays cause premature skin aging; UV-B rays cause sunburn. Both increase the risk of skin cancer.

USE ENOUGH For full protection, an average size adult in a bathing suit needs about an ounce of lotion – enough to fill a shot glass.

REAPPLY OFTEN Put sunscreen on 15 to 30 minutes before going out. Reapply at least every two hours. There’s no such thing as completely waterproof sunscreen, so be sure to slather on more ever time you come out of the water.

EVERYONE should wear some type sun protection to help reduce the chance of getting sunburn and any chance of getting skin cancer.

 

How to choose Sun Protection

 

Here is the first chart we have ever run across that tells us what SPF protection we need depending on our skin type. Now you can find out which sunscreen to use if you are a slightly dark African-American, or an African-American with darker skin, or how to prevent burning if you are fair with a moderate amount of freckling, as opposed to fair with a light tan.

 

We are all so different: prevent premature aging, wrinkling, and drying skin by finding out which SPF is best for you.

People burn at different rates, even within the same skin type, so you must decide if you are more or less sensitive to sun exposure and take appropriate measures.

 

To be on the safe side, always reduce by half the stated protection on any product (for instance, if a product says it has an SPF of 8, only count on its being a 4. If you need an 8, get a 16.)

 

Know Your SPF# For Your Skin Type

 

This chart will give you the recommended SPF for your skin color.

 

Albino. Tan type: none. Red sunburn with pain, swelling and peeling. SPF 50.

 

White. Tan type: as above. Great risk of freckles. SPF 50.

 

Fair. Tan type: very light after minor pink or red burns. Some risk of freckles. SPF 30.

 

Fair. Tan type: light. Slight risk of freckles. SPF 30.

 

Slightly dark. Tan type: dark. SPF 30.

 

Slightly dark. Tan type: dark, with less risk of sunburn. SPF 15-20.

 

Dark. Tan type: very dark. SPF 8-15

 

Black. Tan type: black. SPF 8.

 

 

EVERYONE should wear some type sun protection to help reduce the chance of getting sunburn and any chance of getting skin cancer.

 

Prevention Guidelines

 

  • Seek the shade, especially between 10 AM and 4 PM.
  • Do not burn.
  • Avoid tanning and UV tanning booths.
  • Cover up with clothing, including a broad-brimmed hat and UV-blocking sunglasses.
  • Use a broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher every day. For extended outdoor activity, use a water-resistant, broad spectrum (UVA/UVB) sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.
  • Apply 1 ounce (2 tablespoons) of sunscreen to your entire body 30 minutes before going outside. Reapply every two hours, or immediately after swimming or excessive sweating.
  • Keep newborns out of the sun. Sunscreens should be used on babies over the age of six months.
  • Examine your skin head-to-toe every month.
  • See your physician every year for a professional skin exam.

 

 

 

 

Source: http://www.skincancer.org/understanding-uva-and-uvb.html, Head off sunburn this summer with these smart application tips from the University of California, Berkeley, Wellness Letter.

 

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2 Responses to Sun Safety Made Simple

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